Time to ditch the smashed avo and go for the Big Brekkie?
The adage ‘breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dine like a pauper’ may be an oldie, but recent research supports the school of thought that it’s a goodie.
A study lead by Dr Hana Kahleova from the Loma Linda University School of Public Health in the US looked at the eating behaviours and BMI of over 50,000 individuals, all of whom were Seventh-day Adventists, a population considered to have a lower risk of developing conditions and diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, cancer, or diabetes, due to their healthier eating habits.
The study participants’ behaviours and health events were monitored over a seven-year period.
A key finding was that those who made their breakfast the biggest meal of their day experienced a significant decrease in BMI, compared to those whose largest meal of the day was at lunchtime or in the evening.
The research also appeared to show that foregoing an evening meal and having a long overnight fast contributed to weight loss.
An age-aspect was also noted in relation to BMI and dietary behaviours. The researchers found that those aged over 60 experienced a loss in BMI, while younger people gained more weight. The younger people who bucked the trend for their age-groups were those who tended to eat more earlier in the day and less later on.
Study co-author, professor Gary Fraser, commented ‘Before age 60 years, those eating calories earlier in the day had less weight gain. Over decades, the total effect [of regularly eating a large breakfast] would be very important.’
Source: The Journal of Nutrition